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內容專家審核:盧慧紋(TV) 編號:300343578 詞彙類型:概念
隸書 clerical script
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範圍註 :
由篆書演進的書體,始於秦而成熟於東漢,於文書、抄寫等隸役中普遍使用,傳由犯罪的徒隸程邈所造而得名。書體特色是將篆書的圓轉筆畫改為方折,簡化字形及筆畫,突破六書造字原則,是楷、行、草書體的基礎。
範圍註(ASCDC):
廣義的隸書,包括尚存篆書筆形的秦隸及出現波磔的漢隸(八分),為本詞彙的主要定義;可見的書寫材料則有漢代石刻,及二十世紀以來出土的大量簡牘、帛書。東漢末期筆法成熟的碑刻,是十八世紀以來學習隸書的入門作品;而簡、帛書則展現了毛筆書寫的筆畫提按、粗細變化,皆具有歷史與藝術價值。
詞彙 :
隸書(P,,U,繁體中文-偏好,D,U,NA)
li shu(,U,韋氏拼音-非偏好,UF,U,U)
li shu(,U,漢語拼音(無聲調)-偏好,UF,U,NA)
lì shū(P,,U,漢語拼音-偏好,UF,U,NA)
clerical script(P,,U,英文-偏好,D,U,NA)
lishu(,U,英文-非偏好,UF,U,U)
li-shu(,U,英文-非偏好,UF,U,U)
chancery script(,U,英文-非偏好,UF,U,U)
層面/層級編碼: V.PJ
層級架構:

藝術與建築詞典根目錄
....物件層面
........組件 (層級名)
............成分
................<依特定背景區分之組件>
....................<資訊形式組件>
........................<書寫體與活字類型>
............................手寫體 (書寫)
................................<依形式區分之書寫體>
....................................中國書體
........................................隸書
其他範圍註 :
英文....An ancient Chinese calligraphic script developed during the Han dynasty (206 BC to 200 CE) and widely adopted for official and educational purposes. It developed from seal script (zhuanshu), originating in the brush writing of the later Zhou and Qin dynasties. It first appeared in the Qin Dynasty (221-226 BCE), and came into its mature form during the Eastern Han dynasty (late 3rd century BCE). Though somewhat square and angular, with strong emphasis on the horizontal strokes, the lishu is a truly calligraphic script type, making full use of the flexible brush to modulate the thickness of the line. Many Han examples survive, written with a brush on bamboo slips or carved in stone. Characters were approximately uniform in size and evenly spaced within a composition, but the construction of characters and individual strokes varied greatly. The main characteristics of the clerical script are its angular strokes, which replaced the rounded lines in the seal script, and its simplified character structures, which defied the six principles of Chinese characters. Clerical script laid the foundation for the development of later scripts, including the standard or regular script, the running or semi-cursive script, and the cursive script. A prisoner Cheng Miao is said to have created this script, and the new style of writing became popular among prison workers for clerical documents and transcriptions. At the end of the Han dynasty the lishu developed into the more supple and fluent kaishu.
來源與貢獻者:
隸書............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. TELDAP database (2009-) 
................. 故宮後設資料需求規格書 
................. 中國文物大辭典 
................. 雄獅中國美術辭典 
................. 書法辭典 
li shu............ [VP]
................. Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 17 March 2011
................. TELDAP database (2009-) 
lì shū............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. TELDAP database (2009-) 
clerical script............ [VP]
................. Grove Art Online (2008-) "Deng Shiru ," accessed 17 March 2011
................. TELDAP database (2009-) 
................. Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 17 March 2011
lishu............ [VP]
................. Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 17 March 2011
li-shu............ [VP]
................. Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) 
chancery script............ [VP]
................. Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) 
Subject:............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. Chinese Art Dictionary (1989) 
................. Calligraphy Dictionary (1989) 
................. Dictionary of Chinese Historical Relics (2008) 
外部連結:
引用:
[隸書 clerical script(編號300343578)]。《藝術與建築索引典》。http://aat.teldap.tw/AATFullDisplay/300343578(2022/06/25瀏覽)。

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