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狀態:NP(TV) 編號:300155077 詞彙類型:概念
氯氟化碳 chlorofluorocarbon
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範圍註 :
多種由碳、氟、氯、氫組成的有機化合物中任何一種。發展於西元1930年代,以「氟利昂(Freon)」之商標名製造。氯氟化碳(簡稱CFC)在第二次世界大戰之後便被廣泛應用,做為氣溶噴霧推進劑、製冷劑、溶劑和發泡劑。氯氟化碳會對環境造成嚴重威脅,造成臭氧極大消耗。在平流層中,氟氯化碳分子經太陽紫外線輻射而分解,釋放氯原子成分。氯原子接著與臭氧分子作用,造成臭氧的移除。
詞彙 :
氯氟化碳(P,,U,繁體中文-偏好,D,U,U)
氯氟碳化物(,U,繁體中文-非偏好,AD,U,U)
lu fu hua t'an(P,,U,韋氏拼音-偏好,UF,U,U)
lù fú huà tàn(P,,U,漢語拼音-偏好,UF,U,U)
lu fu hua tan(P,,U,漢語拼音(無聲調)-偏好,UF,U,U)
chlorofluorocarbon(P,,U,英文-偏好,D,U,N)
chlorofluorocarbons(,U,英文-非偏好,AD,U,N)
CFC(,U,英文-非偏好,UF,U,N)
CFCs(,U,英文-非偏好,UF,U,N)
Freon (TM)(,U,英文-非偏好,UF,U,N)
chloorfluorkoolwaterstof(P,,U,荷蘭語-偏好,D,U,U)
carbono de fluór y cloro(P,,U,西班牙語-偏好,D,U,U)
clorofluorcarbono(,U,西班牙語-非偏好,AD,U,U)
層面/層級編碼: M.MT
層級架構:

藝術與建築詞典根目錄
....材料層面
........材料 (材料層面)
............材料
................<依成分區分之材料>
....................有機材料
........................氯氟化碳
相關概念:
resulting thing(s) are....臭氧耗竭
其他範圍註 :
英文....Any of several organic compounds composed of carbon, fluorine, chlorine, and hydrogen. Developed during the 1930s and manufactured under the trade name Freon, CFCs found wide application after World War II as aerosol-spray propellants, refrigerants, solvents, and foam-blowing agents. CFCs have been found to pose a serious environmental threat, greatly contributing to ozone depletion. In the stratosphere, the CFC molecules are broken down by the action of solar ultraviolet radiation and release their constituent chlorine atoms. These then react with the ozone molecules, resulting in their removal.
來源與貢獻者:
氯氟化碳............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. 國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 December 14, 2009
................. 朗文英漢雙解科技大辭典 p. 291
氯氟碳化物............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. 大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 September 22, 2011
lu fu hua t'an............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. TELDAP database (2009-) 
lù fú huà tàn............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. TELDAP database (2009-) 
lu fu hua tan............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. TELDAP database (2009-) 
chlorofluorocarbon............ [VP]
................. Meyers, Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology (1987) 784
................. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (1987) 303
................. Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia (1983) 2:652
................. Webster's 9th New Collegiate Dictionary (1985) 
chlorofluorocarbons............ [VP]
................. Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) accessed 17 December 2007
................. NASA, Educational Resources [online] (2005-) accessed 17 December 2007
................. US National Science Foundation [online] (2001-) accessed 17 December 2007
................. Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 17 December 2007
CFC............ [VP]
................. McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (1987) 
CFCs............ [VP]
................. Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) 
Freon (TM)............ [VP]
................. Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) 
chloorfluorkoolwaterstof............ [Bureau AAT]
................. AAT-Ned (1994-) 
carbono de fluór y cloro............ [CDBP-DIBAM]
................. TAA database (2000-) 
clorofluorcarbono............ [CDBP-DIBAM]
................. Rico y Martínez, Diccionario Técnico Akal de conservación y restauración de bienes culturales, español-alemán-inglés-italiano-francés (2003) 56
Subject:............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. Meyers, Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology (1987) 784; Freon
................. Avery Index (1963-) CFCs; source AAT; chlorofluorocarbons
................. Candidate term Candidate term -- Avery -- 7/89.; chlorofluorocarbons
................. Polytechnisch woordenboek En-Ne (1991) 
外部連結:
引用:
[氯氟化碳 chlorofluorocarbon(編號300155077)]。《藝術與建築索引典》。http://aat.teldap.tw/AATFullDisplay/300155077(2023/02/09瀏覽)。

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