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Expert Check:劉思量(TV) ID:300179372 Record Type:Concept
Nature 自然(哲學概念)
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Note :
Refers to the concept of the physical world, including the forces at work in it and the nonhuman life inhabiting it, perceived by human beings as separate and independent from themselves, their activities, and civilization. For aggregates of physical things, conditions, and influences surrounding and affecting given organisms or communities of organisms at any time, use "environments (object groupings)." For the branch of biology dealing with the relations and interactions between organisms and their habitat, use "ecology."
Terms :
Nature(P,,U,English-P,D,U,N)
natuur(P,,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
natura(P,,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)
naturaleza(concepto) (,U,Spanish-NP,AD,U,U)
自然(哲學概念) (P,,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,,)
tzu jan (P,,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
zì rán (P,,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
zi ran (P,,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
Facet/Hierarchy Code: B.BM
Hierarchical Position:
Related Concepts:
distinguished from....ecology
distinguished from....environments(object groupings)
Additional Notes :
Dutch....Te gebruiken voor het concept van de fysieke wereld, inclusief de krachten die daarin aan het werk zijn en het niet-menselijk leven dat zich erin bevindt, door mensen waargenomen als gescheiden en onafhankelijk van henzelf, hun activiteiten en beschaving. Gebruik 'milieu's (objectgroepen)' voor verzamelingen van fysieke dingen, toestanden en invloeden die bepaalde organismen of gemeenschappen van organismen omringen en beïnvloeden. Gebruik 'ecologie' voor de tak van van de biologie, die zich bezighoudt met de verbanden en de wisselwerking tussen organismen en hun leefomgeving.
Spanish....Úsese para el concepto del mundo físico, incluyendo las fuerzas que trabajan en la vida no humana que habitan en el, percibidos por los seres humanos como separados e independientes de ellos mismos, sus actividades y civilización. Para agregados o cosas físicas, condiciones e influencias que rodean y afectan organismos o comunidades de organismos dados, use "ambiente (agrupaciones de objetos)". Para la rama de la biología que trata con las relaciones e interacciones entre organismos y su habitat use "ecología".
Chinese (traditional)....泛指物理世界的概念,包括其間各種作用力及棲居其中非人類的生物;人類自身、及其活動與文明則被視為獨立並被分屬其外。任何時間環繞並影響特定生物體或生物體社群,所聚合的物質事物、狀態與影響力之總和,則用「環境(物件群組)」一詞。對於生物學分支下的生物體及棲地之間的關係與互動,應用「生態學(ecology)」一詞。
Sources and Contributors:
Nature............ [VP]
................. Wiener, Dictionary of the History of Ideas (1973) Vol. 3, 346
................. CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Nature (aesthetics)
................. RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) 
................. Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) 
................. Avery Index (1963-) Nature (aesthetics)
................. Random House Dictionary of the English Language (1987) abstract concepturalization of the external world in its entirety and the forces at work on it.
................. Candidate term Candidate term - Avery - 2/90
natuur............ [Bureau AAT]
................. AAT-Ned (1994-) 
natura............ [CDBP-DIBAM]
................. Moliner, Diccionario de uso del español (2004) II:492
naturaleza(concepto)............ [CDBP-DIBAM]
................. Honderich, Enciclopedia Oxford de Filosofía (2001) 768-769
自然(哲學概念)............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. 國家教育研究院-雙語詞彙、學術名詞暨辭書資訊網 June 13, 2013
................. 當代文化人類學 842
................. 人類學緒論 192
Subject:............ [Bureau AAT]
................. Bureau AAT, RKD 
External Links:
Quote:
[Nature 自然(哲學概念)(編號300179372)]。《藝術與建築索引典》。http://aat.teldap.tw/AATFullDisplay/300179372(2023/02/02瀏覽)。

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