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Status:NP(TV) ID:300005144 Record Type:Concept
stoas 柱廊(社會與市民建築物)
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Note :
Structures that originated in Greek architecture, comprising freestanding colonnades or covered walkways, or long open buildings with the roof supported by one or more rows of columns parallel to the rear wall. Stoas surrounded marketplaces and sanctuaries, forming places of business and public promenade. Rooms could back onto the colonnade, and a second story was sometimes added. A famous example of a stoa was the great hall at Athens, which was adorned with frescoes of the battle of Marathon, and in which Zeno lectured, giving the name to his disciples, "Stoics."
Terms :
stoas(P,,U,English-P,D,U,PN)
stoas(P,,U,Spanish-P,D,U,PN)
stoa(,U,English-NP,AD,U,SN)
stoa(,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
stoa(,U,Spanish-NP,AD,U,SN)
stoae(,U,English-NP,UF,U,N)
estoa(,U,Spanish-NP,UF,U,SN)
柱廊(社會與市民建築物) (P,,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,,)
有頂柱廊(,U,Chinese (traditional)-NP,UF,U,U)
拱廊(柱廊) (,U,Chinese (traditional)-NP,UF,U,U)
斯多亞敞廊(,U,Chinese (traditional)-NP,UF,U,U)
chu lang (P,,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
zhù láng (P,,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
zhu lang (P,,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
Facet/Hierarchy Code: V.RK
Hierarchical Position:
Additional Parents :

Top of the AAT hierarchies
....Objects Facet
........Built Environment (Hierarchy Name)
............Single Built Works (Hierarchy Name)
................<single built works (Built Environment)>
....................<single built works by specific type>
........................<single built works by function>
............................commercial buildings
................................mercantile buildings
....................................markets (structures)
........................................market halls
............................................stoas
Related Concepts:
distinguished from....gallerias(shopping centers)
Additional Notes :
Dutch....Zuilengangen in het antieke Griekenland. VDW.
Chinese (traditional)....源自希臘的建築結構,由獨立列柱或具頂蓋之走廊組成,或指具屋頂之敞開式長形建築物,其屋頂由平行於後牆之單列或多列型柱子支撐。柱廊環繞於市集與神廟周圍,形成可供人們進行交易與散步的場所。列柱之後有些建有房室,有些則會增建第二層樓。著名柱廊之一,是位於雅典的「大堂」,其上飾有描繪「馬拉松戰役」之壁畫,哲學家芝諾曾在此講課,並將其學派命名為「斯多噶」。
Sources and Contributors:
stoas............ [VP]
................. Boethius, Etruscan and Early Roman Architecture (1978) 244
................. Copplestone, ed., World Architecture (1966) GLOS
................. Dictionary of Architecture and Construction (1975) 475
................. Dinsmoor, Architecture of Ancient Greece (1975) 396
................. Fletcher, History of Architecture (1975) GLOS
................. Harris, Historic Architecture Sourcebook (1977) 507
................. CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) 
................. Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) 
................. Avery Index (1963-) 
................. Oxford English Dictionary Online (2002-) 
................. Comité, Plural del término en singular 
................. Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) 
stoa............ [VP]
................. Getty Vocabulary Program rules 
................. AAT-Ned (1994-) 
................. Fatás y Borrás, Diccionario de términos de Arte y elementos de Arqueología, Heráldica y Numismática (1997) 
stoae............ [VP]
................. CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) 
................. Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961) 
................. Avery Index (1963-) 
estoa............ [CDBP-DIBAM]
................. Koch, Baustilkunde (1991) 
柱廊(社會與市民建築物)............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. 大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9, 192
有頂柱廊............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. 劍橋藝術史-文藝復興 113
拱廊(柱廊)............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. 劍橋藝術史-希臘與羅馬 139
斯多亞敞廊............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. 世界建築經典圖鑑 338
Subject:............ [Bureau AAT]
................. Van Dale groot woordenboek (1994) 
External Links:
Quote:
[stoas 柱廊(社會與市民建築物)(編號300005144)]。《藝術與建築索引典》。http://aat.teldap.tw/AATFullDisplay/300005144(2021/03/03瀏覽)。

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