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狀態:NP(TV) 編號:300266670 詞彙類型:概念
青花(陶瓷釉) blue-and-white(ceramic glaze)
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範圍註 :
指釉下的白瓷有以藍色色料繪上花紋的釉下彩。中東地區自九世紀起使用釉下藍彩,在元代(西元1279至1368年間)傳進中國。中國明(西元1368至1644年間)清(西元1644至1911年間)兩代製造的青花瓷器特別著名。釉下藍彩在十八世紀時從中國引進歐洲。
範圍註(ASCDC):
高溫釉下彩,也是白地青花瓷的專稱,又名「釉下藍」、「釉裡青」、「白釉藍花」。它用鈷料在瓷胎上描繪紋飾,再上無色透明釉,以高溫還原焰燒成,白藍相映,色彩恬靜素雅,給人清新明快的美感。青花料有珠明料、浙料、石子青和國外進口的蘇泥勃青和回青等。青花瓷是中國元、明、清三代瓷器生產的主流,且為主要外銷瓷器。
詞彙 :
青花(陶瓷釉) (P,,U,繁體中文-偏好,D,,)
ch'ing hua (P,,U,韋氏拼音-偏好,UF,U,U)
qīng huā (P,,U,漢語拼音-偏好,UF,U,U)
qing hua (P,,U,漢語拼音(無聲調)-偏好,UF,U,U)
blue-and-white(ceramic glaze) (P,,U,英文-偏好,D,U,N)
blue and white(ceramic glaze) (,U,英文-非偏好,UF,U,N)
層面/層級編碼: M.MT
層級架構:

藝術與建築詞典根目錄
....材料層面
........材料 (材料層面)
............材料
................<依功能區分之材料>
....................塗層 (材料)
........................<依地點位置或背景脈絡區分之塗層>
............................
................................陶瓷釉
....................................<依成分或來源區分之陶瓷釉>
........................................青花 (陶瓷釉)
其他範圍註 :
英文....Refers to the glaze of white porcelain that is decorated with blue under the glaze. Underglaze blue had been used in the Middle East from the 9th century; it was introduced to China in the Yuan dynasty (1279-1368). Particularly notable are the blue-and-white wares produced in China during the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. Underglaze blue was introduced to Europe from China in the 18th century.
來源與貢獻者:
青花(陶瓷釉)............ [AS-Academia Sinica]
................. 故宮後設資料需求規格書 20
blue-and-white(ceramic glaze)............ [VP]
................. Savage and Newman, Illustrated Dictionary of Ceramics (1985) 48
................. Grove Art Online (2003-2008) "Blue-and-white ceramic: England," accessed 11 July 2007
................. Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) "Blue-and-white ware," accessed 11 July 2007
blue and white(ceramic glaze)............ [VP]
................. Oxford Companion to the Decorative Arts (1975) 79
外部連結:
引用:
[青花(陶瓷釉) blue-and-white(ceramic glaze)(編號300266670)]。《藝術與建築索引典》。http://aat.teldap.tw/AATFullDisplay/300266670(2017/08/17瀏覽)。

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